Human overpopulation is among the most pressing environmental issues, silently aggravating the forces behind global warming, environmental pollution, habitat loss, the sixth mass extinction, intensive farming practices and the consumption of finite natural resources, such as fresh water, arable land and fossil fuels, at speeds faster than their rate of regeneration.
Overpopulation the biggest threat we face – is not good for sustainable living in Earth's future. Global warming is one of the most damaging environmental effects of human population increase. Scientists fear that global warming could lead to extreme weather and rising sea levels in the future.
Some of the major effects of human overpopulation are:
Loss of freshwater
Due to overpopulation and our constant need for factory-made products, there has occurred a loss of freshwater in the rivers and oceans. Factories discharge all their waste material in the rivers and lakes which results in loss of freshwater. Pollution in water bodies is not only limited to the source of factory waste. Domestic sources due to overpopulation also play a significant part in contributing to the pollution and loss of freshwater in water bodies.
Global warming and climate change
Another negative impact that overpopulation has had on the environment is clearly visible in the form of global warming and climate change. Scientists all across the world are worried about the changing global weather cycle and constant rise in the average world temperature.
Overpopulation is a problem that did not arise overnight and its solution cannot come up in a single day. Controlling overpopulation is a long term process and requires a lot of planning. The government of one’s country has a huge role in checking overpopulation.